The Second Treatise of the Great Seth
Translated by Roger A. Bullard edited by Frederik Wisse
And the perfect Majesty is at rest in the ineffable light, in the truth of the mother of all these,
and all of you that attain to me, to me alone who am perfect, because of the Word. For I
exist with all the greatness of the Spirit, which is a friend to us and our kindred alike, since I
brought forth a word to the glory of our Father, through his goodness, as well as an
imperishable thought; that is, the Word within him - it is slavery that we shall die with Christ -
and an imperishable and undefiled thought, an incomprehensible marvel, the writing of the
ineffable water which is the word from us. It is I who am in you, and you are in me, just as
the Father is in you in innocence.
Let us gather an assembly together. Let us visit that creation of his. Let us send someone
forth in it, just as he visited (the) Ennoias, the regions below. And I said these things to the
whole multitude of the multitudinous assembly of the rejoicing Majesty. The whole house of
the Father of Truth rejoiced that I am the one who is from them. I produced thought about
the Ennoias which came out of the undefiled Spirit, about the descent upon the water, that is,
the regions below. And they all had a single mind, since it is out of one. They charged me
since I was willing. I came forth to reveal the glory to my kindred and my fellow spirits.
For those who were in the world had been prepared by the will of our sister Sophia - she
who is a whore - because of the innocence which has not been uttered. And she did not ask
anything from the All, nor from the greatness of the Assembly, nor from the Pleroma. Since
she was first, she came forth to prepare monads and places for the Son of Light and the
fellow workers which she took from the elements below to build bodily dwellings from them.
But, having come into being in an empty glory, they ended in destruction in the dwellings in
which they were, since they were prepared by Sophia. They stand ready to receive the
life-giving word of the ineffable Monad and of the greatness of the assembly of all those
who persevere and those who are in me.
I visited a bodily dwelling. I cast out the one who was in it first, and I went in. And the whole
multitude of the archons became troubled. And all the matter of the archons, as well as all
the begotten powers of the earth, were shaken when it saw the likeness of the Image, since
it was mixed. And I am the one who was in it, not resembling him who was in it first. For he
was an earthly man, but I, I am from above the heavens. I did not refuse them even to
become a Christ, but I did not reveal myself to them in the love which was coming forth from
me. I revealed that I am a stranger to the regions below.
There was a great disturbance in the whole earthly area, with confusion and flight, as well
as (in) the plan of the archons. And some were persuaded, when they saw the wonders
which were being accomplished by me. And all these, with the race, that came down, flee
from him who had fled from the throne to the Sophia of hope, since she had earlier given the
sign concerning us and all the ones with me - those of the race of Adonaios. Others also
fled, as if from the Cosmocrator and those with them, since they have brought every (kind
of) punishment upon me. And there was a flight of their mind about what they would counsel
concerning me, thinking that she (Sophia) is the whole greatness, and speaking false
witness, moreover, against the Man and the whole greatness of the assembly.
It was not possible for them to know who the Father of Truth, the Man of the Greatness, is.
But they who received the name because of contact with ignorance - which (is) a burning
and a vessel - having created it to destroy Adam, whom they had made, in order to cover up
those who are theirs in the same way. But they, the archons, those of the place of
Yaldabaoth, reveal the realm of the angels, which humanity was seeking in order that they
may not know the Man of Truth. For Adam, whom they had formed, appeared to them. And a
fearful motion came about throughout their entire dwelling, lest the angels surrounding them
rebel. For without those who were offering praise - I did not really die lest their archangel
And then a voice - of the Cosmocrator - came to the angels: "I am God and there is no other
beside me." But I laughed joyfully when I examined his empty glory. But he went on to say,
"Who is man?" And the entire host of his angels, who had seen Adam and his dwelling, were
laughing at his smallness. And thus did their Ennoia come to be removed outside the
Majesty of the heavens, i.e.,the Man of Truth, whose name they saw since he is in a small
dwelling place, since they are small (and) senseless in their empty Ennoia, namely their
laughter. It was contagion for them.
The whole greatness of the Fatherhood of the Spirit was at rest in his places. And I am he
who was with him, since I have an Ennoia of a single emanation from the eternal ones and
the undefiled and immeasurable incomprehensibilities. I placed the small Ennoia in the
world, having disturbed them and frightened the whole multitude of the angels and their
ruler. And I was visiting them all with fire and flame because of my Ennoia. And everything
pertaining to them was brought about because of me. And there came about a disturbance
and a fight around the Seraphim and Cherubim, since their glory will fade, and the
confusion around Adonaios on both sides and their dwelling - to the Cosmocrator and him
who said, "Let us seize him''; others again, "The plan will certainly not materialize.''
For Adonaios knows me because of hope. And I was in the mouths of lions. And the plan
which they devised about me to release their Error and their senselessness - I did not
succumb to them as they had planned. But I was not afflicted at all. Those who were there
punished me. And I did not die in reality but in appearance, lest I be put to shame by them
because these are my kinsfolk. I removed the shame from me and I did not become
fainthearted in the face of what happened to me at their hands. I was about to succumb to
fear, and I <suffered> according to their sight and thought, in order that they may never
find any word to speak about them. For my death, which they think happened, (happened) to
them in their error and blindness, since they nailed their man unto their death. For their
Ennoias did not see me, for they were deaf and blind. But in doing these things, they
condemn themselves. Yes, they saw me; they punished me. It was another, their father, who
drank the gall and the vinegar; it was not I. They struck me with the reed; it was another,
Simon, who bore the cross on his shoulder. I was another upon Whom they placed the
crown of thorns. But I was rejoicing in the height over all the wealth of the archons and the
offspring of their error, of their empty glory. And I was laughing at their ignorance.
And I subjected all their powers. For as I came downward, no one saw me. For I was
altering my shapes, changing from form to form. And therefore, when I was at their gates, I
assumed their likeness. For I passed them by quietly, and I was viewing the places, and I
was not afraid nor ashamed, for I was undefiled. And I was speaking with them, mingling with
them through those who are mine, and trampling on those who are harsh to them with zeal,
and quenching the flame. And I was doing all these things because of my desire to
accomplish what I desired by the will of the Father above.
And the Son of the Majesty, who was hidden in the regions below, we brought to the height
where I <was> in all these aeons with them, which (height) no one has seen nor known,
where the wedding of the wedding robe is, the new one and not the old, nor does it perish.
For it is a new and perfect bridal chamber of the heavens, as I have revealed (that) there
are three ways: an undefiled mystery in a spirit of this aeon, which does not perish, nor is it
fragmentary, nor able to be spoken of; rather, it is undivided, universal, and permanent. For
the soul, the one from the height, will not speak about the error which is here, nor transfer
from these aeons, since it will be transferred when it becomes free and when it is endowed
with nobility in the world, standing before the Father without weariness and fear, always
mixed with the Nous of power (and) of form. They will see me from every side without
hatred. For since they see me, they are being seen (and) are mixed with them. Since they
did not put me to shame, they were not put to shame. Since they were not afraid before me,
they will pass by every gate without fear and will be perfected in the third glory.
It was my going to the revealed height which the world did not accept, my third baptism in a
revealed image. When they had fled from the fire of the seven Authorities, and the sun of
the powers of the archons set, darkness took them. And the world became poor when he
was restrained with a multitude of fetters. They nailed him to the tree, and they fixed him with
four nails of brass. The veil of his temple he tore with his hands. It was a trembling which
seized the chaos of the earth, for the souls which were in the sleep below were released.
And they arose. They went about boldly, having shed zealous service of ignorance and
unlearnedness beside the dead tombs, having put on the new man, since they have come
to know that perfect Blessed One of the eternal and incomprehensible Father and the infinite
light, which is I, since I came to my own and united them with myself. There is no need for
many words, for our Ennoia was with their Ennoia. Therefore they knew what I speak of, for
we took counsel about the destruction of the archons. And therefore I did the will of the
Father, who is I.
After we went forth from our home, and came down to this world, and came into being in the
world in bodies, we were hated and persecuted, not only by those who are ignorant, but
also by those who think that they are advancing the name of Christ, since they were
unknowingly empty, not knowing who they are, like dumb animals. They persecuted those
who have been liberated by me, since they hate them - those who, should they shut their
mouth, would weep with a profitless groaning because they did not fully know me. lnstead,
they served two masters, even a multitude. But you will become victorious in everything, in
war and battles, jealous division and wrath. But in the uprightness of our love we are
innocent, pure, (and) good, since we have a mind of the Father in an ineffable mystery.
For it was ludicrous. It is I who bear witness that it was ludicrous, since the archons do not
know that it is an ineffable union of undefiled truth, as exists among the sons of light, of
which they made an imitation, having proclaimed a doctrine of a dead man and lies so as to
resemble the freedom and purity of the perfect assembly, (and) <joining> themselves
with their doctrine to fear and slavery, worldly cares, and abandoned worship, being small
(and) ignorant, since they do not contain the nobility of the truth, for they hate the one in
whom they are, and love the one in whom they are not. For they did not know the Knowledge
of the Greatness, that it is from above and (from) a fountain of truth, and that it is not from
slavery and jealousy, fear and love of worldly matter. For that which is not theirs and that
which is theirs they use fearlessly and freely. They do not desire, because they have
authority, and a law from themselves over whatever they will wish.
But those who have not are poor, that is, those who do not possess him. And they desire
him and lead astray those, who through them have become like those who possess the
truth of their freedom, just as they bought us for servitude and constraint of care and fear.
This person is in slavery. And he who is brought by constraint of force and threat has been
guarded by God. But the entire nobility of the Fatherhood is not guarded, since he guards
only him who is from him, without word and constraint, since he is united with his will, he who
belongs only to the Ennoia of the Fatherhood, to make it Perfect and ineffable through the
living water, to be with you mutually in wisdom, not only in word of hearing but in deed and
fulfilled word. For the perfect ones are worthy to be established in this way and to be united
with me, in order that they may not share in any enmity, in a good friendship. I accomplish
everything through the Good One, for this is the union of the truth, that they should have no
adversary. But everyone who brings division - and he will learn no wisdom at all because
he brings division and is not a friend - is hostile to them all. But he who lives in harmony and
friendship of brotherly love, naturally and not artificially, completely and not partially, this
person is truly the desire of the Father. He is the universal one and perfect love.
For Adam was a laughingstock, since he was made a counterfeit type of man by the
Hebdomad, as if he had become stronger than I and my brothers. We are innocent with
respect to him, since we have not sinned. And Abraham and Isaac and Jacob were a
laughingstock, since they, the counterfeit fathers, were given a name by the Hebdomad, as
if he had become stronger than I and my brothers. We are innocent with respect to him,
since we have not sinned. David was a laughingstock in that his son was named the Son of
Man, having been influenced by the Hebdomad, as if he had become stronger than I and the
fellow members of my race. But we are innocent with respect to him; we have not sinned.
Solomon was a laughingstock, since he thought that he was Christ, having become vain
through the Hebdomad, as if he had become stronger than I and my brothers. But we are
innocent with respect to him. I have not sinned. The 12 prophets were laughingstocks, since
they have come forth as imitations of the true prophets. They came into being as
counterfeits through the Hebdomad, as if he had become stronger than I and my brothers.
But we are innocent with respect to him, since we have not sinned. Moses, a faithful
servant, was a laughingstock, having been named "the Friend," since they perversely bore
witness concerning him who never knew me. Neither he nor those before him, from Adam to
Moses and John the Baptist, none of them knew me nor my brothers.
For they had a doctrine of angels to observe dietary laws and bitter slavery, since they
never knew truth, nor will they know it. For there is a great deception upon their soul, making
it impossible for them ever to find a Nous of freedom in order to know him, until they come
to know the Son of Man. Now concerning my Father, I am he whom the world did not know,
and because of this, it (the world) rose up against me and my brothers. But we are innocent
with respect to him; we have not sinned.
For the Archon was a laughingstock because he said, "I am God, and there is none greater
than I. I alone am the Father, the Lord, and there is no other beside me. I am a jealous God,
who brings the sins of the fathers upon the children for three and four generations." As if he
had become stronger than I and my brothers! But we are innocent with respect to him, in
that we have not sinned, since we mastered his teaching. Thus he was in an empty glory.
And he does not agree with our Father. And thus through our fellowship we grasped his
teaching, since he was vain in an empty glory. And he does not agree with our Father, for
he was a laughingstock and judgment and false prophecy.
O those who do not see, you do not see your blindness, i.e., this which was not known, nor
has it ever been known, nor has it been known about him. They did not listen to firm
obedience. Therefore they proceeded in a judgment of error, and they raised their defiled
and murderous hands against him, as if they were beating the air. And the senseless and
blind ones are always senseless, always being slaves of law and earthly fear.
I am Christ, the Son of Man, the one from you who is among you. I am despised for your
sake, in order that you yourselves may forget the difference. And do not become female,
lest you give birth to evil and (its) brothers: jealousy and division, anger and wrath, fear
and a divided heart, and empty, non-existent desire. But I am an ineffable mystery to you.
Then before the foundation of the world, when the whole multitude of the Assembly came
together upon the places of the Ogdoad, when they had taken counsel about a spiritual
wedding which is in union, and thus he was perfected in the ineffable places by a living
word, the undefiled wedding was consummated through the Mesotes of Jesus, who inhabits
them all and possesses them, who abides in an undivided love of power. And surrounding
him, he appears to him as a Monad of all these, a thought and a father, since he is one. And
he stands by them all, since he as a whole came forth alone. And he is life, since he came
from the Father of ineffable and perfect Truth, (the father) of those who are there, the union
of Peace and a friend of good things, and life eternal and undefiled joy, in a great harmony
of life and faith, through eternal life of fatherhood and motherhood and sisterhood and
rational wisdom. They had agreed with Nous, who stretches out (and) will stretch out in
joyful union and is trustworthy and faithfully listens to someone. And he is in fatherhood and
motherhood and rational brotherhood and wisdom. And this is a wedding of truth, and a
repose of incorruption, in a spirit of truth, in every mind, and a perfect light in an
unnameable mystery. But this is not, nor will it happen among us in any region or place in
division and breach of peace, but (in) union and a mixture of love, all of which are perfected
in the one who is.
It also happened in the places under heaven for their reconciliation. Those who knew me in
salvation and undividedness, and those who existed for the glory of the father and the truth,
having been separated, blended into the one through the living word. And I am in the spirit
and the truth of the motherhood, just as he has been there; I was among those who are
united in the friendship of friends forever, who neither know hostility at all, nor evil, but who
are united by my Knowledge in word and peace which exists in perfection with everyone and
in them all. And those who assumed the form of my type will assume the form of my word.
Indeed, these will come forth in light forever, and (in) friendship with each other in the spirit,
since they have known in every respect (and) indivisibly that what is, is One. And all of
these are one. And thus they will learn about the One, as (did) the Assembly and those
dwelling in it. For the father of all these exists, being immeasurable (and) immutable: Nous
and Word and Division and Envy and Fire. And he is entirely one, being the All with them all
in a single doctrine, because all these are from a single spirit. O unseeing ones, why did
you not know the mystery rightly?
But the archons around Yaldabaoth were disobedient because of the Ennoia who went down
to him from her sister Sophia. They made for themselves a union with those who were with
them in a mixture of a fiery cloud, which was their Envy, and the rest who were brought forth
by their creatures, as if they had bruised the noble pleasure of the Assembly. And therefore
they revealed a mixture of ignorance in a counterfeit of fire and earth and a murderer, since
they are small and untaught, without knowledge having dared these things, and not having
understood that light has fellowship with light, and darkness with darkness, and the
corruptible with the perishable, and the imperishable with the incorruptible.
Now these things I have presented to you - I am Jesus Christ, the Son of Man, who is
exalted above the heavens - O perfect and incorruptible ones, because of the incorruptible
and perfect mystery and the ineffable one. But they think that we decreed them before the
foundation of the world, in order that, when we emerge from the places of the world, we may
present there the symbols of incorruption from the spiritual union unto knowledge. You do
not know it, because the fleshly cloud overshadows you. But I alone am the friend of Sophia.
I have been in the bosom of the father from the beginning, in the place of the sons of the
truth, and the Greatness. Rest then with me, my fellow spirits and my brothers, forever.
Second Treatise of the Great Seth
Selection made from James M. Robinson, ed., The Nag Hammadi Library,
revised edition. HarperCollins, San Francisco, 1990.