ACTS OF ANDREW AND MATTHIAS (MATTHEW)
From "The Apocryphal New Testament"
M.R. James-Translation and Notes
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924
It was long thought that this must be an episode from the old Acts of Andrew: but
Flamion's study of that book has finally made it clear that there is no place for the tale in those
Acts: and that our story is an early member of that which we call the Egyptian cycle: it is a tale of
wonder with no doctrinal purpose.
1 At that time all the apostles were gathered together and divided the countries among
themselves, casting lots. And it fell to Matthias to go to the land of the anthropophagi. Now the
men of that city ate no bread nor drank wine, but ate the flesh and drank the blood of men; and
every stranger who landed there they took, and put out his eyes, and gave him a magic drink
which took away his understanding.
2 So when Matthias arrived he was so treated; but the drink had no effect on him,
and he remained praying for help in the prison.
3 And a light came and a voice: Matthias, my beloved, receive sight. And he saw.
And the voice continued: I will not forsake thee: abide twenty-seven days, and I will
send Andrew to deliver thee and all the rest. And the Saviour went up into heaven.
Matthias remained singing praises; when the executioners came to take victims, he
kept his eyes closed. They came and looked at the ticket on his hand and said:
Three days more and we will slay him. For every victim had a ticket tied on his hand to
show the date when his thirty days would be fulfilled.
4 When twenty-seven days had elapsed, the Lord appeared to Andrew in the country
where he was teaching and said: In three days Matthias is to be slain by the man-eaters; go and
deliver him. 'How is it possible for me to get there in time?' Early to-morrow go to the shore
and you will find a ship.' And he left him.
5 They went, Andrew and his disciples, and found a
little boat and three men. The pilot was the Lord, and the other two were angels. Andrew asked
whither they were going. 'To the land of the man-eaters.' 'I would go there too.' 'Every man
avoids that place; why will you go?' 'I have an errand to do; and if you can, take us.' He said:
'Come on board.'
6 Andrew said: 'I must tell you we have neither money nor victuals.' 'How
then do you travel?' 'Our master forbade us to take money and provisions. If you will do us this
kindness, tell us: if not, we will look for another ship.' 'If these are your orders, come on board
and welcome, I desire truly to have disciples of Jesus on my ship.' So they embarked.
7 Jesus ordered three loaves to be brought and Andrew summoned his disciples to partake; but they could
not answer him, for they were disturbed with the sea. So Andrew explained to the pilot, and he
offered to set them ashore: but they refused to leave Andrew.
8 Jesus said: Tell your disciples some of the wonders your master did, to encourage
them, for we are going to set sail: so they did, and Jesus steered. And Andrew told
the disciples about the stilling of the storm, and prayed in himself that they might
sleep: and they fell asleep.
9 Andrew said to Jesus: Tell me your art,
sixteen years did I sail the sea, and this is the seventeenth, and I never saw such steering: the ship
is as if on land. Jesus said: I, too, have often sailed the sea and been in danger; but because you
are a disciple of Jesus, the sea knows you and is still. Andrew praised God that he had met such a
10 Jesus said: Tell me why the Jews did not believe on your master. Andrew enumerated
the miracles: yet, he said, the Jews did not believe. 'Perhaps he did not do these signs before the
11 'Yes, he did, both openly and privately, and they would not believe.' 'What were
the signs he did in secret?' ' O man with the spirit of questioning, why do you tempt me thus?' 'I
do not tempt you but my soul rejoices to hear his wonderful works.' ' I will tell you, then.
12 Once when we the twelve went with our Lord to a heathen temple that he might show us the
ignorance of the devil, the high priests saw us and said: Why do you follow this man who says he
is the Son of God? has God a son? Is not this Joseph and Mary's son, and his brothers are James
and Simon? and our hearts were weakened. And Jesus perceived it, and took us apart into the
wilderness and did mighty signs and strengthened our faith. And we said to the priests: Come and
see; for he has convinced us.
13 'And the priests came to the heathen temple, and Jesus showed us the form of the
heavens, "that we might learn whether it were true or no." Thirty men of the people and four
priests were with us. On the right and left of the temple Jesus saw two sphinxes carved, and
turned to us and said: Behold the form of the heaven: these are like the cherubim and seraphim
in heaven. And he said to the sphinx on the right: You semblance of that which is in heaven,
made by craftsmen, come down and convince these priests whether I be God or man.
14 It came down and spoke and said: O foolish sons of Israel. This is God who
made man . . . . Tell me not that I am a stone image: better are the temples than
your synagogue. Our priests purify themselves seven days from women, and approach
not the temple but you come straight from defilement. The temples will abolish your
synagogues, and become churches of the only-begotten Son of God.
15 The priests said: It speaks by magic, ye heard it say that this man spake with
Abraham. How is that possible? . . . Jesus said to the sphinx: Go to the cave of Mambre and
call Abraham; bid him rise with Isaac and Jacob and come to the temples of the Jebusaeans to
convict the priests. It went and called, and the twelve patriarchs rose and came out. "To which
of us wast thou sent? " "Not to you, but to the three patriarchs: go back and rest." They went
back, and the three patriarchs came and convicted the priests. Jesus bade them return, and sent
the sphinx back to its place. But the priests did not believe. And many other wonders he did.'
16 Jesus seeing that they were near land, leaned his head on one of the angels and ceased
speaking to Andrew: and Andrew went to sleep. Then Jesus bade the angels take the men and
lay them outside the city of the man-eaters and return: and then all departed to heaven.
17 Andrew awoke and looked about him and realized what had happened, and roused his
disciples. They told him their dream: eagles came and bore therm into paradise, and they saw the
Lord on his throne, and angels, and the three patriarchs and David singing, "and you the
twelve apostles and twelve angels by you, whom the Lord bade to obey you in everything."
18 Andrew rejoiced and prayed the Lord to show himself: and Jesus appeared in the form
of a beautiful young child. Andrew asked pardon for his boldness on the ship. Jesus reassured
him and told him what trials awaited him in the city, and encouraged him to endure them, and
19 They entered the city, unseen, and went to the prison. The seven guards fell dead at
his prayer: at the sign of the cross the doors opened. He found Matthias and they greeted each
20 Andrew looked at the victims, who were naked and eating grass, and smote his breast
and reproached the devil: How long warrest thou with men? thou didst cause Adam to be cast
out of paradise: thou didst cause his bread that was on the table to be turned to stones. Again,
thou didst enter into the mind of the angels and cause them to be defiled with women and madest
their savage sons the giants to devour men on the earth, so that God sent the flood . . . .
21 Then they both prayed, and they laid their hands on the prisoners and restored first their sight and then
their sense, and Andrew bade them go out of the city and remain under a fig-tree and await him:
there were 270 men and 49 women. And Andrew commanded a cloud, and it took Matthias and
the disciples and brethren to the mount where Peter was teaching and there they remained.
22 Andrew went out and walked in the city, and sat down by a brazen pillar with a statue
on it, to see what would happen. The executioners came and found the prison empty and the
guards dead, and reported to the rulers. They said: Go and fetch the seven dead men for us to
eat to-day, and assemble to-morrow, the old men, and we will cast lots for seven a day and eat
them, till we can fit out ships and send and collect people to eat. So they fetched the seven
corpses; there was a furnace in the midst of the city and a great vat for the blood: they put the
men on the vat. A voice came: Andrew, look at this. Andrew prayed, and the men's swords fell
and their hands turned to stone. The rulers cried: There are wizards in the city: go and gather
the old men, for we are hungry.
23 They found 215, and lots were cast for 7. One of these said:
Take my young son and kill him instead of me. They asked leave of the rulers, and it was granted,
and the old man said: I have a daughter, take her too, and spare me. So the children were
brought to the vat begging for their lives, but there was no pity. Andrew prayed, and again the
swords fell from the men's hands, and there was much alarm.
24 Then came the devil in the guise
of an old man, and said: Woe to you, you will all die of hunger; but search now and look for a
stranger named Andrew: he is the cause of your trouble. Andrew was looking at the devil, but
the devil could not see him. And Andrew said: O Beliar, my lord will humble thee to the abyss.
The devil said: I hear your voice and know it; but where you stand I see not. Andrew said: Art
thou not called Amael because thou art blind? The devil said: Look for the man who spake to
me, for it is he. And they shut the gates and looked everywhere, but could not find him. The
Lord appeared and said to Andrew: Show thyself to them.
25 He rose and said I am Andrew
whom ye seek. And they ran and took him, and debated how to kill him: If we cut off his head, it
will not pain him enough; Let us put a rope round his neck and drag him through the streets every
day till he dies, and divide his body and eat it. They did so, and his flesh was torn and his blood
flowed, and they cast him into prison with his hands bound behind him.
26 And so they did next
day, and he wept and cried to the Lord: and the devil told the people to smite his mouth that he
might not speak; and they bound his hands behind him and left him in the prison. The devil took
seven other devils, whom Andrew had driven out from places in the neighbourhood (this seems
like a reference to the older Acts), and they came to Andrew, and the devil said: Now we will kill
you like your master whom Herod slew.
27 And he said: Now my children, kill him. But they
saw the seal on his forehead and were afraid, and said: Do you kill him, for we cannot. And one
of them said: If we cannot kill him, let us mock him; and they stood before him and taunted him
with his helplessness, and he wept. And a voice -the devil's voice disguised-said: Why weep?
Andrew said: Because of our Lord's word: Have patience with them; otherwise I would have
shown you! . . . But if the Lord grant me a visitation in this city, I will chastise you as you
deserve. And they fled.
28 Next day the people dragged him again, and he cried out to the Lord:
here are thy words: A hair of your heads shall not perish? lo, my flesh is torn from me. And a
voice said in Hebrew: My words shall not pass away: look behind thee. And he saw great
fruit-bearing trees growing up where his flesh and blood had fallen. And they took him back to
prison, and said: Perhaps he will die to-morrow.
29 And the Lord came and took his hand and he
rose up whole. And in the prison was a pillar, and on it a statue. Andrew went to it and spread
out his hands seven times and said: Fear thou the sign of the cross, and let this statue pour forth
water as a flood. And say not, I am but a stone for God made us of earth, but ye are clean, and
therefore God gave his people the law on tables of stone. And the statue poured water out of its
mouth as from a canal, and it was bitter and corroded men's flesh.
30 In the morning all the
people began to flee. The water killed their cattle and their children. Andrew said: Let Michael
wall the city about with fire. A cloud of fire came and surrounded it, and they could not escape.
The water came up to their necks and consumed their flesh. They cried and lamented till he saw
their spirit was crushed, and told the alabaster statue to cease. And Andrew went out of the
prison, the water parting before him, and the people prayed for mercy.
31 The old man who had
given up his children came and besought. But Andrew said: I wonder at you; you and the
fourteen executioners shall be swallowed up and see the places of torment and of peace. And he
went as far as the great vat, and prayed, and the earth opened and swallowed the water and the
old man and the executioners. And all feared greatly, but he consoled them.
32 Then he bade
them bring all who had been killed by the water, but there were too many, so he prayed and
revived them. Then he drew out the plan of a church and baptized them and gave them the Lord's
precepts. And they begged him to stay with them a little; but he refused, saying I must first go to
my disciples; and he set forth, and they lamented grievously.
33 And Jesus appeared in the form
of a beautiful child and reproved him for leaving them, and told him to stay seven days; and then
he should go with his disciples to the country of the barbarians, and then return and bring the men
out of the abyss. And he returned and they all rejoiced greatly.
[See Acts of Peter and Adrew for the conclusion of the story]
Scanned and Edited by
Northwest Nazarene College, 1995